COP27 Side-event

The prospects and challenges of the Enhanced Transparency Framework as a driver of climate ambition

Tuesday, 15 Nov 2022
16:45—18:15 (GMT+2)
COP27 venue, side-event room 9 Tutankhamun (and live broadcasting)

Side-event panel at COP27. Picture credit: Nila Kamil.




“Measure what you treasure” the saying goes. If what we treasure is ambitious climate action, how then should we go about measuring it? The Enhanced Transparency Framework (ETF) of the Paris Agreement contains a detailed set of reporting and review provisions that aim to make visible how countries perform vis-à-vis their climate targets.

The assumed prospects of this new transparency framework are substantial. Repeated reporting and review cycles may result in learning and trust-building between countries. Moreover, domestic data collection and processing may improve policy making and stakeholder engagement. The Enhanced Transparency Framework can also be an important building block for a successful Global Stocktake.

Yet, demanding reporting and review provisions also come with serious challenges. Capacity constraints might prevent developing countries from collecting and reporting information. Moreover, the transparency framework could collapse under its own weight, if information is not prioritized and synthesized to bring to light most pertinent issues. Perhaps more importantly, will more information help to catalyse climate action in the context of highly political debates around who should take responsibility and when?  

With the ETF becoming operational in 2024 and with hopes pinned on transparency, it is timely and important to explore diverse perspectives on the promises and perils of the ETF. Speakers covered various topics including transparency in relation to mitigation, adaptation, finance, gender, and equity.


There were a substantial number of transparency-related events at COP27. This side-event distinguished itself by bringing together perspectives from academia and practice. Moreover, the event brought together organizations based on three different continents. By convening diverse perspectives we aimed to deepen our understanding of the prospects and challenges of the Enhanced Transparency Framework.

This session aimed to reach actors involved or interested in global climate transparency arrangements. This included Parties and observers at COP27. The talk catered to both novices and experts in the field of climate transparency.

The side-event built upon a webinar hosted prior to COP27. The recording of the webinar is available here.


Prof. Dr. Aarti Gupta

Wageningen University & Research @AartiGupta17 @Transgov_wur

Aarti Gupta is principal investigator of the TRANSGOV project. She is a Professor of Global Environmental Governance with the Environmental Policy Group, Department of Social Sciences, Wageningen University. Her research is in the field of global environmental and climate governance, with a focus on transparency and accountability and the challenges of anticipatory governance of novel technologies, including climate engineering. She has published extensively in these fields, including the edited volume, Transparency in Global Environmental Governance: Critical Perspectives (2014, MIT Press). She holds a PhD from Yale University and is a member of the Scientific Steering Committee of the International Earth System Governance Research Alliance.

Mr. R. R. Rashmi

The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) @teriin 

Mr. R. R. Rashmi is Distinguished Fellow of the Energy and Resources Institute, Delhi. As a former civil servant with over 35 years’ experience of public service, Mr Rashmi has been involved with climate change policy making in India in the run up to and after the Paris Agreement. He was India’s key negotiator for climate change for several years. He held the position of Special Secretary, Ministry of Environment & Climate Change, Govt of India and later the Chief Secretary, Govt of Manipur.

He has been a member of the Sub Committee of the Ministry of Finance on Climate Finance. Currently, he is a Member of the Technical Advisory Body of the International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) and the Environment Advisory Group of the National Human Rights Commission.

Dr. Masumur Rahman

South Asia Co-operative Environment Programme (SACEP) @Sacep_org

Dr. Masumur Rahman, nominee of the Government of People’s Republic of Bangladesh assumed duties as the Director General of SACEP on 9th August 2021 for a non-renewable period of three years.

Prior to his assumption of duties as the Head of Mission of SACEP, he was the Director General of Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Government of Bangladesh. Dr. Rahman joined the Bangladesh Civil Service in the year 1998. During his carrier, he performed his duties in different capacities such as Joint Secretary to the Government of Bangladesh in the Ministry of Public Administration (MOPA), Deputy Commissioner and District Magistrate (DCDM) in the field administration of Bangladesh, Private Secretary to Hon’ble Minister for Environment, Forests and Climate Change and for the Food and Disaster Management Ministry, Deputy Secretary in the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change. He also worked as Magistrate First Class, Assistant Commissioner, Senior Assistant Commissioner, Revenue Deputy Collector, Assistant Commissioner (Land) and in Bangladesh Secretariat as a Deputy Secretary and Senior Assistant Secretary in different Ministry.

Emily Ojoo-Massawa

ARUA Centre of Excellence in Climate and Development African Climate and Development Initiative (ACDI) @ARUA_CD @Acdi_uct

Emily Ojoo-Massawa is currently working with Mott MacDonald as Climate Resilience Lead for Africa, based at the Nairobi office. She is also an associate of the ARUA Centre of Excellence at the African Climate Development Initiative at the University of Cape Town. She has  over 25 years’ experience in the development and implementation of national and international climate change policy across sectors including energy, agriculture, water resources, and infrastructure.

Emily has lead climate negotiations for the Government of Kenya for over a decade, holding positions of Focal Point to the UNFCCC and the Designated Authority for the CDM. Emily was also the Chair of the Consultative Group of Experts on National Communications and has continued to work on transparency issues under the UNFCCC, serving as a lead reviewer of national communications.

Dr. Romain Weikmans

Finnish Institute of International Affairs (FIIA) Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB) @RomainWeikmans @Fiia_fi

Dr. Romain Weikmans is Senior Research Fellow at the Finnish Institute of International Affairs and Adjunct Professor at the Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB) / Free University of Brussels. His main research interests centre on international climate finance, climate transparency, and climate adaptation. He has published widely on these topics, including in Nature Climate ChangeClimate Policy and Global Environmental Politics. Coverage of his work can be found in NatureThe New York TimesThe Washington PostThe Guardian and various other news outlets.

He is a lead author of the 2020 UNEP Adaptation Gap Report and a contributing author to the IPCC’s Sixth Assessment Report (WG2). From 2018 to 2021, Romain Weikmans was the Vice-Chair of the Working Group ‘Energy-Climate’ of the Belgian Federal Council for Sustainable Development.

Dr. Laode M. Syarif

The Partnership for Governance Reform (Kemitraan) @Kemitraan_ind

Dr. Syarif is an expert in good governance, transparency issues, particularly anti-corruption and legal/judicial reform. At present he is the Executive Director of Partnership for Governance Reform (Kemitraan), a leading Indonesian national organisation in the issue of good governance in Indonesia. KEMITRAAN major field of work are: Anti-Corruption, Democratization, Law Enforcement Reform, Sustainable Economic and Environmental Governance. He was the Commissioner of Indonesia Corruption Eradication Commission (KPK) for the period of 2015-2019.

Dr. Syarif also teaches at Hasanuddin University, Faculty of Law, Makassar, Indonesia. He taught Environmental Law, International Environmental Law, and developed Anti-Corruption and Environmental Law Clinics in several Law Schools in Indonesia. He also served as one of the principal trainers of the Supreme Court of Indonesia in the area of Environmental Law and Judicial Code of Conduct since early 2000 and a regular guest lecturer at the University of Sydney Law School, University of Melbourne, School Government, University of South Pacific Law School in Port Villa, National University of Singapore Law School, and Cebu University Law School. He widely published in the issue of transboundary pollution, environmental law, and anti-corruption.


16:45 – 16:50Welcome and Introduction
Moderator: Mr. Max van Deursen
16:50 – 17:50Presentations

1. Transparency and climate action: Prof. Dr. Aarti Gupta (WUR)
2. Transparency and the Global Stocktake: Mr. R. R. Rashmi (TERI)
3. Transparency and capacity building: Dr. Masumur Rahman (SACEP)
4. Transparency and equity: Emily Ojoo-Massawa (ARUA-CD/UCT)
5. Transparency and climate finance: Dr. Romain Weikmans (FIIA/ULB)
6. Transparency and gender: Dr. Laode M. Syarif (The Partnership)
17:50– 18:10Question & Answer
18:10 – 18:15Closing


Max van Deursen (

%d bloggers like this: